RAM 382: RANGELAND PLANTS AND COMMUNITIES
Lecture: Tuesday and Thursday, 11:00-11:50, BSE 225
Labs: Thursday, 2:30-5:00, BSE 124
Instructor: Mitchel McClaran: 112 Biological Sciences East, 621-1673, email@example.com.
Office hours: Tuesdays 1-2PM and Thursdays 9-10AM or by appointment
Prerequisites: RNR 230 or equivalent course in plant identification and taxonomy.
Survey of western
Lab: Sight identification, geographic location, ecology and management characteristics of important plants in these communities.
understanding of western
Stubbendieck, J., S.L. Hatch, L.M. Landholt. 2003. North American Wildland Plants.
Lecture and Lab Notes containing copies of all overheads used in the course. (Available at UA bookstore)
Brown, D. (ed.). 1994. Biotic Communities of the
Southwestern United States and
Brown, D. (ed.). 1994. Map of Biotic Communities
of the Southwestern United States and
Epple, A.O. 1995. A Field Guide to the Plants of
Mabberly, D.J. 2008. Plant Book. 3rd
A 10x hand lens is strongly recommended.
Tests and Grading: One-third of final grade will be based on the lab, and the remainder on the lecture. In the lecture there are two 1-hour exams and one 1-hour final exam, worth 100 points each. Questions are short essay and short answer, based on the lecture and reading materials. There are seven lab quizzes covering plant identification from study mounts and questions about ecology, management, and species identification. Quizzes emphasize plants covered in the previous week, but identification will always include plants from any previous lab. The 6 highest quiz scores will be included in the calculation of the final grade. The lab final exam will be worth about 46% of the lab grade, it will be a comprehensive plant identification exam. Attendance on 2 of the 4 field trips is required, and attending a 3rd field trip will replace the lowest lab quiz with a 100% score. All points from a lab quiz will be deducted for failing to attend a required field trip.
Letter grades will be based on the proportion of the total available points available in the course. The letter grades will be: Grade A > 88%, Grade B 78-87%, Grade C 68-77%, Grade D 58-67%, and Grade E < 57%.
Lecture exams given in 2009 are in on the FAST COPY course notes.
Point values assigned to plant identification elements on the lab quizzes and lab final are:
Family or Tribe 2 points Common name 2 points
Genus 3 points Longevity 1 point
Specific Epithet 3 points Origin 1 point
Each quiz includes identification of 8 plants. Credit for the species name is given only when the genus is correctly identified. Misspelling the family/tribe, genus, species, or common name will result in a loss of 0.5 point for each misspelled word. Four questions pertaining to plant identification, ecological and management characteristics will account for 24 points on each quiz.
The lab point total is 1332, which combines the 720 points from the best six quizzes and 612 points from the lab final. Total lab points are converted to 150 points by multiplying by 0.1126.
Extra credit to replace one lab quiz score or one field trip is available. This extra credit can be a book review of an early exploration, pioneer settlement, or scientific endeavors in geographic areas covered in this class, or a summary of a species’ importance in an animal’s diet from three published studies. Extra credit efforts must be pre-approved by the instructor. These written efforts are due at the time of the lecture final.
In addition, two extra credit points will be given for lab quizzes when the student identifies any misspelled word on any handout given during the course. Only the first student to identify the misspelling will be given the extra credit points.
Proportion of the Total Grade Completed by End of the Eighth Week of the Semester:
By the end of week eight (02 March), we will have completed one lecture test (1/3 of lecture total), and two field trips and three lab quizzes (about 1/4 of the lab total). All together, by week eight we will have completed about 34% of the total points available in the course.
Attendance and Late Work Policy:
Attendance is not required for lectures, except days when there is an exam. If unable to attend an exam, the student must contact the instructor prior to the scheduled exam time to make arrangements to complete the exam at a different time, otherwise there will be no other opportunity to complete the exam. Attendance is not required for labs, but lab quizzes will only be given one time. Attendance is required for any 2 of the 4 field trips.
Students are expected to conduct themselves in a manner that does not inhibit the learning experience of fellow students. Therefore, all cell phones must remain off class, and those using computers to take notes must sit in the back rows to minimize disruption to fellow students. Questions and discussion in lecture and the lab sections are greatly encouraged, and will be facilitated by the instructor.
Special Needs and Accommodations:
Students needing special accommodations or special services should contact the Disability Resource Center http://drc.arizona.edu/index.html. The need for specialized services must be documented and verified by that institution.
Students are encouraged to discuss the course materials and their interpretations of those materials, however, work that is submitted to complete assignments and to complete exams, must be that of the individual student. This course operates in accordance with the University academic policies on A Code of Academic Integrity, which can be accessed at http://www.deanofstudents.arizona.edu/codeofacademicintegrity.
Graded work will be returned to each student personally, rather than left in a public area for retrieval. Final grades will be posted on the University website within a few days after the Final Exam. Alternatively, student can provide a self-addressed stamped postcard at the time of the Final Exam and the Instructor will note the final grade and post the card. Grades will not be reported in an email message.
Students permanently leaving the course must file a drop or withdrawal form. Students must not assume that they will be dropped after failing to attend class.
Jan 14 Th Introduction
Lab:Introduction and Grass Identification
Jan 19 Tu Plant Communities
Jan 21 Th Vegetation Dynamics
Lab: Hot Desert
Jan 26 Tu Vegetation Dynamics
Jan 28 Th Hot Desert
Lab: Desert Grassland & PRACTICE QUIZ
Feb 02 Tu Hot Desert
Feb 04 Th Desert Grassland
NOTE: 09 February is last day to drop classes without a grade on transcript
Feb 09 Tu No Class Scheduled
Feb 11 Th No Class Scheduled
Lab: No Meeting
Feb 16 Tu Desert Grassland
Feb 18 Th Desert Grassland (last lecture on First Exam)
Feb 23 Tu FIRST EXAM
Feb 25 Th
27 Sa (NOTE) Lab: Field Trip - Spatial Variation in
Mar 02 Tu
Mar 04 Th Riparian
Lab: Sagebrush-grass and QUIZ
Mar 06 Sa (NOTE) Lab: Field Trip - Temporal Variation at Santa Rita Experimental Range
NOTE: 09 March is last day to drop classes with a grade of “W”
09 Tu Riparian
Mar 11 Th
Mar 16 Tu Spring Break
Mar 18 Th Spring Break
Mar 25 Th California Oak Woodland (last lecture on Second Exam)
Lab: Ponderosa Pine-grass and QUIZ
Mar 30 Tu SECOND EXAM
Apr 01 Th
Lab: Shortgrass and Tallgrass Prairies and QUIZ
Apr 06 Tu Sagebrush-grass
Apr 08 Th Sagebrush-grass
Lab: No Meeting
Apr 10 Sa (NOTE) Lab: Field Trip - Riparian Community, Muleshoe Ranch
Apr 13 Tu Pinyon-Juniper
Apr 15 Th Pinyon-Juniper
Lab: Mountain Meadows/Grasslands and QUIZ
Apr 20 Tu Ponderosa Pine-grass
Apr 22 Th Ponderosa Pine-grass
Lab: No Meeting
Sa (NOTE) Lab:
Field Trip -
Apr 27 Tu Mountain Meadows/Grasslands
Apr 29 Th Shortgrass and Mixedgrass Prairies
Lab: FINAL CUMULATIVE EXAM
May 04 Tu Tallgrass Prairie
May 11 Tu Lecture FINAL EXAM 11 AM - 1 PM
14 Jan McClaran, M.P. and W.W. Brady. 1994.
19 Jan Barbour, M.G., J.H. Burk, W.D. Pitts, F.S.
Gilliam, and M.W. Schwartz.1999. Terrestrial Plant Ecology. Third Ed.
21 Jan Westoby, M., B. Walker and
28 Jan Turner, R.M. and D.E. Brown. 1982.
04 Feb McClaran, M.P. 1995. Desert grasslands and
grasses. In, M.P. McClaran and T.R. Van Devender (eds.). The Desert Grassland.
25 Feb Pase, C.P. and D.E. Brown. 1994. Interior
Chaparral. Pages 95-99. In Brown, D.E. (ed.) Biotic Communities and the
Southwestern United States and
02 Mar McClaran, M.P. and G.R. McPherson. 1999. Oak
Savanna in the American Southwest. In R.C. Anderson. J.S. Fralish, and J.
Baskin (eds.). Savanna, Barrens, and Rock Outcrop Plant Communities of
04 Mar Asplund, K.K. and M.T. Gooch. 1988. Geomorphology and the distributional ecology of Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) in a desert riparian canyon. Desert Plants 9:17-27.
11 Mar Heady, H.F., J.W. Bartolome, M.D. Pitt, G.D.
Savelle and M.C. Stroud. 1992.
23 Mar Keeley, J.E. and S.C. Keeley. 1988. Chaparral. In: M.G. Barbour and W.D. Billings (Eds.) North American Terrestrial Vegetation. pp. 165-207.
01 Apr Branson, F.A. 1985. Vegetation changes on western range lands. Range Monograph No. 2. Society for Range Management, Denver, CO. pp. 30-34.
06 Apr Branson, F.A. 1985. Vegetation changes on western range lands. Range Monograph No. 2. Society for Range Management, Denver, CO. pp. 23-30.
Apr Romme et al. 2009. Historical and
modern disturbance regimes, stand structures, and landscape dynamics in
Pinon-Juniper vegetation of the western
20 Apr Branson, F.A. 1985. Vegetation changes on western range lands. Range Monograph No. 2. Society for Range Management, Denver, CO. pp. 52-56.
27 Apr Ratliff, R.D., M.R. George and N.K. McDougald.
1987. Managing livestock grazing on meadows of
29 Apr Branson, F.A. 1985. Vegetation changes on western range lands. Range Monograph No. 2. Society for Range Management, Denver, CO. pp. pp. 6-22.
04 May Albertson, F.W. and G.W. Tomanek.
1965. Vegetation changes during a 30-year period in grassland communities near