Today's powerpoint file

As with the other spikes, there are success stories:

Italy, Spain have negative population growth rates

Uganda has made strong strides in the battle against AIDS

Roots of the problem: natural selection, denial, individualistic ethic

Outcomes and solutions

We can stabilize population either by decreasing fertility or increasing mortality

High-level leadership is imperative in saving Africa from HIV

High-ranking political leaders must outline the behaviors needed to contain the virus, such as delaying first intercourse, reducing the number of sexual partners, and using condoms

Barriers to family planning services include restricted access to contraceptives by government policies or geographic constraints, ignorance rooted in culture or religion, and lack of education for women

Links to vegetation management: changes in land use and associated consequences

Additional Information:

Brown, L.R. 2001. Eco-Economy: Building an Economy for the Earth. W.W. Norton, New York.

Coetzee, J.M. 1980. Waiting for the Barbarians. Secker & Warburg, London.

EarthRights International

Ehrlich, P.R. 1968. The Population Bomb. Ballantine Books, New York.

Hardin, G. 1993. Living Within Limits: Ecology, Economics, and Population Taboos. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England.

Human Rights Watch

Johnston, B.R. editor. 1997. Life and Death Matters: Human Rights and the Environment at the End of the Millennium. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, California.

Klare, M.T. 2001. Resource Wars: The New Landscape of Global Conflict. Metropolitan Books, New York.

Mander, J. 1991. In the Absence of the Sacred: The Failure of Technology and the Survival of the Indian Nations. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco.

Odum, H.T. and E.C. Odum. 2001. A Prosperous Way Down: Principles and Policies. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.

Paehlke, R.C. 2003. Democracy's Dilemma: Environment, Social Equity, and the Global Economy. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Prestowitz, C. 2003. Rogue Nation: American Unilateralism and the Failure of Good Intentions. Basic Books, New York.

Rischard, J.F. 2002. High Noon: Twenty Global Problems, Twenty Years to Solve Them. Basic Books, New York.

Rome, A. 2001. The Bulldozer in the Countryside: Suburban Sprawl and the Rise of American Environmentalism. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Shattuck, J. 2003. Freedom on Fire: Human Rights Wars and America's Response. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Turner, W. R., T. Nakamura, and M. Dinetti. 2004. Global Urbanization and the Separation of Humans from Nature. BioScience 54:585-590.

United States Census Bureau

Wilson, E.O. 1998. Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. Knopf, New York.