I’ve been an administrator for well over 10 years now. Read more »
My research and teaching interests are in two main areas: motivation and expert/novice differences. The study of expert/novice differences examines how people acquire high levels of skill—how they get to be really good at what they do.
The development of expertise involves not only motivation and skill acquisition, but also decision-making, which I've studied in a number of different contexts Mentoring and other kinds of coaching and training are also important in understanding how expertise develops, and some of my work focuses on this.
Other work examines how adult and child chess players develop their skills. Expert chess-playing represents some of the most sophisticated problem-solving skills of which people are capable. It is also one of the most male-dominated of all human intellectual activities.
Although little of the expert/novice literature and none of the chess-cognition literature has focused on gender, I believe that research is rich with potential applications for improving performance for everyone, but especially for groups which have experienced discrimination or fewer opportunities to develop high levels of skills.
Some of my work is more theoretical, but I am committed to applying research findings to real-world problems. Many of the factors that contribute to expertise are now understood, and we can apply some of the lessons from this research to real world situations. Hence, I have developed several training programs — including programs to improve decision making skills — aimed at enhancing performance.
Among many other things, I work on large projects such as the National Research Council study of Ph.D. programs and the Mosaic project. I enjoy the organizational and motivational challenges of such projects — the tasks are complex and introduce me to new people around campus and around the country.
Please contact Dianne Horgan if you are unable to locate one of the publications listed below.
Valesky, T., Horgan, D., Etheridge, C., & Smith, D. (2003). Training for Quality School-Based Decision Making: The Total Teamwork System. Lanham MD: Scarecrow Press.
Hacker, D. J., Bol, L., Horgan, D. D., & Rakow, E. A. (2000). Test prediction and performance in a classroom context. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92, 160-170.
Horgan, D. (1995). Achieving gender equity: Strategies for the classroom. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Horgan, D. (1992). Children and chess expertise: The role of calibration. Psychological Research, 54, 44-50.
Horgan, D., & Simeon, R., (1990). Gender, mentoring, and tacit knowledge. in J.W. Neuliep (Ed.) Handbook of replication research in the behavioral and social sciences [Special Issue.] Journal of Social Behavior and Personality. 5, 453-471.
Horgan, D. & Morgan, D., (1990). Chess expertise in children, Applied Cognitive Psychology., 4, 109-128.
Horgan, D., Millis, K., Horgan, T., & Neimeyer, R. (1989). Predecision processes in chess: Masters, experts, and novices. In D. Topping, D. Crowell, & V. Kobayashi, (Eds.), Thinking Across Cultures. Hillsdale NJ: Erlbaum Associates, 309-321.
Go Directly to: Read more »
As an overarching goal of my career, I seek to leverage knowledge from both evolutionary biology and developmental science to address core issues in developmental psychopathology, especially in relation to child and adolescent health. At one level, this involves theory development: advancing new models of how our biobehavioral systems respond to specific features of family environments and the larger ecological context. This work employs life history theory to model how these responses regulate stress-health relations over the life course. At another level, my work focuses on theory testing: examining the impact of fathers, family relationships, and socioecological conditions on children’s biological stress responses, timing of pubertal development, risky adolescent behavior and cognition, and related health outcomes. Although my research has shown replicable effects of families and ecological stress on these developmental outcomes, the size of these effects differ across individuals. That is, some children are more impacted by their rearing experiences than are others. Another focus of my research, therefore, is investigating differences between children in their neurobiological susceptibility to environmental influence.
Please contact Dr. Bruce Ellis if you are unable to locate one of the publications listed below.
Note: Asterisks indicate graduate students under the direction of Ellis.
Bjorklund, D.F., & Ellis, B.J. (in press). Children, childhood, and development in evolutionary perspective. Developmental Review.
Bjorklund, D.F., Hernández Blasi, C., & Ellis, B.J. (in press). Evolutionary developmental psychology. In D.M. Buss (Ed.), The Evolutionary Psychology handbook (2nd Ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Del Giudice, M., & Ellis, B.J. (in press). Evolutionary foundations of developmental psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol. 1: Theory and method (3rd Ed.). New York: Wiley & Sons.
*Mittal, C., Griskevicius, V., & Ellis, B.J. (in press). Consumer behavior across the lifespan: A Life History Theory perspective. In S. Preston, M. Kringelbach, & B. Knutson (Eds.), The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Ellis, B.J., *Jordan, A.C., Grotuss, J., Csinady, A., Keenan, T., & Bjorklund, D.F. (2014). The predator-avoidance effect: An evolved constraint on emerging theory of mind. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35, 245–256.
Ellis, B.J., & Del Giudice, M. (2014). Beyond allostatic load: Rethinking the role of stress in regulating human development. Development and Psychopathology, 26, 1–20.
*Kavanagh, P. S., Fletcher, G. J., & Ellis, B. J. (2014). The Mating Sociometer and Attractive Others: A Double-Edged Sword in Romantic Relationships. The Journal of Social Psychology, 154, 126-141.
Ellis, B.J. (2013). The hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis: A switch-controlled, condition-sensitive system in the regulation of life history strategies. Hormones and Behavior, 64, 215–225
Sijtsema, J.J., Nederhof, E., Veenstra, R., Ormel, J., Oldehinkel, A.J., & Ellis, B.J. (2013). Family cohesion, prosocial behavior, and aggressive/delinquent behavior in adolescence: Moderating effects of biological sensitivity to context. The TRAILS Study. Development and Psychopathology, 25, 699–712.
*James, J., & Ellis, B.J. (2013). The development of human reproductive strategies: Toward an integration of life history and sexual selection models. In J.A. Simpson & L. Campbell (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of close relationships (pp. 771-794). New York: Oxford University Press.
Del Giudice, M., Ellis, B. J., & Shirtcliff, E. A. (2013). Making sense of stress: An evolutionary-developmental framework. In G. Laviola, & S. Macrì (Eds.), Adaptive and Maladaptive aspects of developmental stress (pp. 23-44). New York: Springer.
Ellis, B. J., Del Giudice, M., & Shirtcliff, E. A. (2013). Beyond allostatic load: The stress response system as a mechanism of conditional adaptation. In T. P. Beauchaine & S. P. Hinshaw (Eds.), Child and adolescent psychopathology (2nd Ed.) (pp. 251-284). New York: Wiley & Sons.
Ellis, B.J. (2013). Risky adolescent behavior: An evolutionary perspective. In B.L. Hewlett (Ed.), Adolescent identity: Evolutionary, developmental and cultural perspectives (pp. 40-72). New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis.
*Durrant, R., & Ellis, B.J. (2013). Evolutionary psychology. In R.J. Nelson & S.J.Y. Mizumori (Eds.), Handbook of psychology, Vol. 3: Behavioral neuroscience (2nd Ed.) (pp. 26-51). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
*Cabeza De Baca, T., Figueredo, A.J., & Ellis, B.J. (2012). An evolutionary analysis of variation in parental effort: Determinants and assessment. Parenting: Science and Practice, 12, 94-104.
Ellis, B.J., & Bjorklund, D.F. (Eds.) (2012). Beyond mental health: An evolutionary analysis of development under risky and supportive environmental conditions. Introduction to the Special Section. Developmental Psychology, 48, 591-597.
Del Giudice, M., Hinnant, J.B., Ellis, B.J., & El-Sheikh, M. (2012). Adaptive patterns of stress responsivity: A preliminary investigation. Developmental Psychology, 48, 775-790.
Ellis, B.J., Del Giudice, Dishion, T.J., M., Figueredo, A.J., Gray, P., Griskevicius, V., Hawley, P.H., Jacobs, W.J., *James, J., Volk, A.A., & Wilson, D.S. (2012). The evolutionary basis of risky adolescent behavior: Implications for science, policy, and practice. Developmental Psychology. 48, 598-623.
*James, J., Ellis, B.J., *Schlomer, G.L., & Garber, J. (2012). Sex-specific pathways to early puberty, sexual debut and sexual risk-taking: Tests of an integrated evolutionary-developmental model. Developmental Psychology, 48, 687-702.
Belsky, J., *Schlomer, G.L., & Ellis, B.J. (2012). Beyond cumulative risk: Distinguishing harshness and unpredictability as determinants of parenting and early life history strategy. Developmental Psychology, 48, 662-673.
Ellis, B.J., Schlomer, G.L., Tilley, E.H., & Butler, E.A. (2012). Impact of fathers on risky sexual behavior in daughters: A genetically and environmentally controlled sibling study. Development and Psychopathology, 24, 317–332.
*Jordan, A.C., *Schlomer, G.L., & Ellis, B.J. (2012). Evolutionary developmental psychology. In V. S. Ramachandran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Behaviour (2nd Ed.) (pp. 103-110). Elsevier.
Del Giudice, M., Ellis, B. J., & Shirtcliff, E. A. (2011). The Adaptive Calibration Model of stress responsivity. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 35, 1562-1592.
*Schlomer, G.L., Del Giudice, M., & Ellis, B.J. (2011). Parent–Offspring Conflict Theory: An evolutionary framework for understanding conflict within human families. Psychological Review, 118, 496-521.
Ellis, B.J. (2011). Toward an evolutionary-developmental explanation of alternative reproductive strategies: The central role of switch-controlled modular systems. In D.M. Buss & P.H. Hawley (Eds.), The evolution of personality and individual differences (pp. 177-209). New York: Oxford University Press.
Ellis, B.J., Shirtcliff, E.A., Boyce, W.T., Deardorff, J., & Essex, M.J. (2011). Quality of early family relationships and the timing and tempo of puberty: Effects depend on biological sensitivity to context. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 85-99.
Ellis, B.J., Boyce, W.T., Belsky, J., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M.J., & van IJzendoorn, M.H. (2011). Differential susceptibility to the environment: An evolutionary- neurodevelopmental theory. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 7-28.
Ellis, B.J., & Boyce, W.T. (2011). Differential susceptibility to the environment: Toward an understanding of sensitivity to developmental experiences and context. Editorial introducing Special Section of Development and Psychopathology, 23, 1-5.
*Hohman, Z. J., & Ellis, B. J. (2011). Evolutionary psychology. In D. Dunn (Ed.), Oxford Bibliographies Online: Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ellis, B.J. (2011). On becoming an evolutionary-developmental psychologist. In X.T. Wang & Y.J. Su (Eds.), Thus spake evolutionary psychologists (pp. 158-166). Beijing, China: Peking University Press.
*Kavanagh, P.S., *Robins, S., & Ellis, B.J. (2010). The mating sociometer: A regulatory mechanism for mating aspirations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 120-132.
*Schlomer, G.L., Ellis, B.J., & Garber, J. (2010). Mother-child conflict and sibling relatedness: A test of hypotheses from parent-offspring conflict theory. Journal of Research in Adolescence, 20, 287-306.
Ellis, B.J., Figueredo, A.J., *Brumbach, B.H., & *Schlomer, G.L. (2009). Fundamental dimensions of environmental risk: The impact of harsh versus unpredictable environments on the evolution and development of life history strategies. Human Nature, 20, 204-268.
*Brumbach, B.H., Figueredo, A.J., & Ellis, B.J. (2009). Effects of harsh and unpredictable environments in adolescence on the development of life history strategies: A longitudinal test of an evolutionary model. Human Nature, 20, 25–51.
*Jackson, J.J., & Ellis, B.J. (2009). Synthesizing life history theory with sexual selection: Toward a comprehensive model of alternative reproductive strategies. Commentary in Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32, 31-32.
*Tither, J.M., & Ellis, B.J. (2008). Impact of fathers on daughters’ age at menarche: A genetically- and environmentally-controlled sibling study. Developmental Psychology, 44, 1409-1420.
Ellis, B.J., & Boyce, W.T. (2008). Biological sensitivity to context. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 183-187.
Park, I.J.K., Garber, J., Ciesla, J.A., & Ellis, B.J. (2008). Convergence among multiple methods of measuring the family environment: Relation to depression in mothers and their children. Journal of Family Psychology, 22, 123-134.
Ellis, B.J., & Essex, M.J. (2007). Family environments, adrenarche, and sexual maturation: A longitudinal test of a life history model. Child Development, 78, 1799-1817.
Bjorklund, D.F., Ellis, B.J., & Rosenberg, J.S. (2007). Evolved probabilistic cognitive mechanisms: An evolutionary approach to gene x environment x development interactions. Advances in Child Development and Behavior, 35, 1-36.
*Healey, M.D., & Ellis, B.J. (2007). Birth order, conscientiousness, and openness to experience: Tests of the family-niche model of personality using a within-family methodology. Evolution & Human Behavior, 28, 55-59.
Ellis, B.J., *Jackson, J.J., & Boyce, W.T. (2006). The stress response systems: Universality and adaptive individual differences. Developmental Review, 26, 175-212.
Kirkpatrick, L. A., & Ellis, B.J. (2006). What is the evolutionary significance of self-esteem? The adaptive functions of self-evaluative psychological mechanisms. In M. H. Kernis (Ed.) Self-esteem: Issues and answers (pp. 334-339). New York: Psychology Press.
Boyce, W. T., & Ellis, B.J. (2005). Biological sensitivity to context: I. An evolutionary-developmental theory of the origins and functions of stress reactivity. Development & Psychopathology, 17, 271-301.
Ellis, B.J., Essex, M.J., & Boyce, W.T. (2005). Biological sensitivity to context: II. Empirical explorations of an evolutionary-developmental theory. Development & Psychopathology, 17, 303-328.
Ellis, B.J., & Bjorklund, D.F. (Eds.) (2005). Origins of the social mind: Evolutionary psychology and child development. New York: Guilford Press.
Campbell, L., & Ellis, B.J. (2005). Love and commitment. In D.M. Buss (Ed.), The Evolutionary Psychology handbook (pp. 419-442). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Bjorklund, D.F., & Ellis, B.J. (2005). Evolutionary psychology and child development: An emerging synthesis. In B.J. Ellis & D.F. Bjorklund (Eds.), Origins of the social mind: Evolutionary psychology and child development (pp. 3-18). New York: Guilford Press.
Ellis, B.J. (2005). Individual differences in pubertal timing: An evolutionary-developmental approach. In B.J. Ellis & D.F. Bjorklund (Eds.), Origins of the social mind: Evolutionary psychology and child development (pp. 164-188). New York: Guilford Press.
Ellis, B.J. (2004). Timing of pubertal maturation in girls: An integrated life history approach. Psychological Bulletin, 130, 920-958.
Ellis, B.J., Bates, J.E., Dodge, K.A., Fergusson, D.M., Horwood, J.L., Pettit, G.S., & Woodward, L. (2003). Does father absence place daughters at special risk for early sexual activity and teenage pregnancy? Child Development, 74, 801-821.
Keenan, T., & Ellis, B.J. (2003). Children’s performance on a false belief task is impaired by activation of an evolutionarily-canalized response system. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 85, 236-256.
*Durrant, R., & Ellis, B.J. (2003). Evolutionary Psychology. In M. Gallagher & R.J. Nelson (Eds.), Comprehensive handbook of psychology, Vol. 3: Biological psychology (pp. 1-33). New York: Wiley & Sons.
Ellis, B.J., Simpson, J.A., & Campbell, L. (2002). Trait-specific dependence in romantic relationships. Journal of Personality, 70, 611-659.
Ellis, B.J., & Ketelaar, T. (2002). Clarifying the foundations of evolutionary psychology: A reply to Lloyd and Feldman. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 157-164.
Ellis, B.J. (2002). Of Fathers and Pheromones: Implications of Cohabitation for Daughters' Pubertal Timing. In A. Booth & A.C. Crouter (Eds.), Just living together: Implications of cohabitation for children, families, and social policy (pp. 161-172). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Kirkpatrick, L. A., & Ellis, B.J. (2001). An evolutionary-psychological approach to self-esteem: Multiple domains and multiple functions. In G. J. O. Fletcher & M. S. Clark (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of social psychology, Vol 2: Interpersonal processes (pp. 411–436). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.
Ellis, B.J., & Garber, J. (2000). Psychosocial antecedents of variation in girls' pubertal timing: Maternal depression, stepfather presence, and marital and family stress. Child Development, 71, 485-501.
Ellis, B.J., & Malamuth, N.M. (2000). Love and anger in romantic relationships: A discrete systems model. Journal of Personality, 68, 525-556.
Ketelaar, T., & Ellis, B.J. (2000). Are evolutionary explanations unfalsifiable? Evolutionary psychology and the Lakatosian philosophy of science. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 1-21.
Ellis, B.J., & Ketelaar, T. (2000). On the natural selection of alternative models: Evaluation of explanations in Evolutionary Psychology. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 56-68.
Ellis, B.J., McFadyen-Ketchum, S., Dodge, K.A., Pettit, G.A., & Bates, J.E. (1999). Quality of early family relationships and individual differences in the timing of pubertal maturation in girls: A longitudinal test of an evolutionary model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 387-401.
Ellis, B.J. (1998). The partner-specific investment inventory: An evolutionary approach to individual differences in investment. Journal of Personality, 66, 383-442.
I no longer work for University of Arizona. Please see University of Connecticut for current information.
I investigate emotional, self-regulatory and relationship mechanisms that contribute to physical and mental health. To guide this research I think in terms of interpersonal emotion systems, which involve the dynamic interaction of emotion components (subjective experience, expressive behavior, physiology) within and between partners over time in social interactions and close relationships.
To study interpersonal emotion systems, I take a collaborative, cross-disciplinary approach and focus on multi-method data, including laboratory based manipulations, in-depth qualitative interviews and daily diaries collected from couples or families. The data from my studies includes self- and partner-reports (structured questionnaires, open-ended interviews), behavioral observations rated from videotapes and physiological indices. All measures are taken repeatedly over time-periods ranging from a few minutes to several years. To analyze such data, I make use of statistical methods appropriate for investigating complex intrapersonal and interpersonal systems evolving over time.
My current research includes studies of:
• emotional and relationship factors involved in unhealthy eating
• breast cancer survival and the interplay of inflammation, emotion, and family
• computational approaches for modeling temporal interpersonal emotion systems (CompTIES, www.compties.org)
• cultural influences on emotions and close relationships
• physiological correlates of emotion and emotion regulation.
Health is a complex dynamic state. Although many of the factors influencing health are beyond the individual’s control (e.g. global economics, genetics), emotions and relationships are potentially malleable. It is for this reason that I target socio-emotional processes contributing to well-being. If we can better understand these processes we will be able to speak to the question, “What can individuals do to promote the health of themselves and their families, despite challenging life circumstances?” Answers to this question are central to developing successful behavioral health interventions.
Please contact Dr. Butler if you are unable to locate one of the publications listed below.
Reed, R. G., Barnard, K., & Butler, E. A. (in press). Distinguishing co-regulation from co-dysregulation: An investigation of emotional dynamics and body-weight in romantic couples. Emotion.
Butler, E. A. (in press). Interpersonal affect dynamics: It takes two (and time) to tango. Emotion Review.
Koval, P., Butler, E. A., Hollenstein, T., Lanteigne, D., & Kuppens, P. (in press). Emotion regulation and the temporal dynamics of emotions: Effects of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression on emotional inertia. Cognition and Emotion.
Skoyen, J. A., Randall, A. K., Mehl, M.R, & Butler E. A. (2014). “We” overeat, but “I” can stay thin: Pronoun use and body weight in couples who eat to regulate emotion. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 33, 742-765.
Butler, E. A., Hollenstein, T., Shoham, V., & Rohrbaugh, M. J. (in press). A dynamic state-space analysis of interpersonal emotion regulation in couples who smoke. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships.
Butler, E. A., Gross, J. J, & Barnard, K. (2014). Testing the effects of suppression and reappraisal on emotional concordance using a multivariate multilevel model. Biological Psychology, 98, 6-18.
Randall, A. K., Post, J. H., Reed, R. G., & Butler, E. A. (2013). Cooperating with your romantic partner: Associations with interpersonal emotion coordination. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 30, 1072-1095.
Skoyen, J. A., Blank, E., Corkery, S. A., & Butler, E. A. (2013). The interplay of partner influence and individual values predicts daily fluctuations in eating and physical activity. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 30, 1000-1019.
Reed, R. G.. Butler, E. A., & Kenny, D. A. (2013). Dyadic models for the study of health. Social & Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 228-245.
Totenhagen, C. J., Curran, M. A., Serido, J., & Butler, E. A. (2013). Good days, bad days: Do sacrifices improve relationship quality? Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 30, 881-900.
Reed, R. G., Randall, A. K., Post, J. H. & Butler, E. A. (2013). Partner influence and in-phase versus anti-phase physiological linkage in romantic couples. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 88, 309-316.
Meltzer, A. L., Novak, S. A., McNulty, J. K., Butler, E. A., & Karney, B. R. (2013). Brief report on marital satisfaction predicting weight gain in early marriage. Health Psychology, 32, 824 - 827
Butler, E. A. & Sbarra, D. A. (2013). Health, emotion, and relationships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 30, 151-154.
Burke, T. J., Randall, A. K., Corkery, S. A., Young, V, J., & Butler, E. A. (2013). "You’re going to eat that?" Relationship processes and conflict among mixed weight couples. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships.
Roberts, N. A., Manos, R. C., Kanter, J. W., Butler, E. A., & Baker, D. (2013). Dyadic synchrony in police marriages: A preliminary investigation. Family Process, 52, 271-283.
Randall, A. K., Corkery, S. A., Deepti, D., Kamble, S. V., & Butler, E. A. (in press). “We’re having a good (or bad) day”: Differences in emotional synchrony in married couples in the United States and India. Family Science
Butler, E. A. & Randall, A. K. (2013). Emotional coregulation in close relationships. Emotion Review, 5, 202-210.
Totenhagen, C., Butler, E. A., & Ridley, C. (2012). Daily stress, closeness, and satisfaction in gay and lesbian couples. Personal Relationships, 19, 219-233.
Totenhagen, C. J., Serido, J., Curran, M. A., & Butler, E. A. (2012). Daily hassles and uplifts: A diary study on understanding relationship quality. Journal of Family Psychology, 26, 719-728.
Butler, E. A. (2011). Temporal interpersonal emotion systems: The “TIES” that form relationships. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 15, 367-393.
Butler, E. A. (2011). Three views of emotion regulation and health. Social & Personality Psychology Compass, 5, 563–577.
Meltzer, A. L., McNulty, J. K., Novak, S., Butler, E. A., & and Karney, B. R. (2011). Marriage and weight: Couples are more satisfied when wives have a smaller BMI than their husbands. Social Psychological and Personality Science,2, 416-424.
Ellis, B. J., Schlomer, G. L., Tilley, E. H., & Butler, E. A. (2011). Impact of fathers on risky sexual behavior in daughters: A Genetically and environmentally controlled sibling study. Development and Psychopathology, 24, 317-332.
Butler, E. A., Young, V. J., & Randall, A. K. (2010). Suppressing to please, eating to cope: The effect of overweight women's emotion suppression on romantic relationships and eating. Journal of Clinical and Social Psychology, 29, 599-623.
Mauss, I. B., Butler, E. A., Roberts, N. A., & Chu, A. (2010). Emotion control values and responding to an anger provocation in Asian-American and European-American individuals. Cognition and Emotion, 24, 1026-1043.
Mauss, I. B. & Butler, E. A. (2010). Cultural background moderates the relationship between emotion control values and cardiovascular challenge versus threat responses to an anger provocation. Biological Psychology, 84, 521-530.
Butler, E. A., Lee, T. L., & Gross, J. J. (2009). Does expressing your emotions raise or lower your blood pressure? The answer depends on cultural context. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 510-517.
Butler, E. A. & Gross, J. J. (2009). Emotion and emotion regulation: Integrating individual and social levels of analysis. Emotion Review, 1, 86-87.
Rohrbaugh, M. J., Shoham, V., Butler, E. A., Hasler, B. P., & Berman, J. S. (2009). Affective synchrony in dual- and single-smoker couples: Further evidence of "Symptom-System Fit"? Family Process, 48, 55-67.
Butler, E. A., Lee, T. L., & Gross, J. J. (2007). Emotion regulation and culture: Are the social consequences of emotion suppression culture-specific? Emotion, 7, 30-48.
Shoham, V., Butler, E. A., Rohrbaugh, M. J., & Trost, S. (2007). Symptom-system fit in couples: Emotion regulation when one or both partners smoke. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116, 848-853.
Butler, E. A., Wilhelm, F. H, & Gross, J. J. (2006). Respiratory sinus arrhythmia, emotion, and emotion regulation during social interaction. Psychophysiology, 43, 612-622.
Butler, E. A., Egloff, B., Wilhelm, F. H., Smith, N. C., Erickson, E. A., & Gross, J. J. (2003). The social consequences of expressive suppression. Emotion, 3, 48-67.
Growing up in Washington, D. C., I was in one of the first cohorts of children to desegregate D. C. public schools. Read more »
My research focuses broadly in the area of child social development, with an emphasis on children’s socialization in the context of school. I have been particularly interested in the role of children’s school social relationships (with peers and teachers) as well as parent-school relationships of low-income and ethnic minority children as risk or protective factors for early school success.
My most recent project, in collaboration with Dr. Allison Ewing, examines ethnic and gender disparities in the quality of children’s teacher-child relationships, the determinants of these disparities and their implications for children’s social and academic adaptation to school. This work will provide important insights into the individual, relational and contextual factors that either promote or undermine children’s early school performance.
Please contact Dr. Angela Taylor if you are unable to locate one of the publications listed below.
Ewing, A. R., & Taylor, A. R. (2009). The role of child gender and ethnicity in teacher-
child relationship quality and children’s behavioral adjustment in preschool. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 24, 92-105.
Yu, J. J., Lucero-Liu, A., Gamble, W. C., Christensen, D. H., Taylor, A. R., & Modry-
Mandell, K. (2008). Partner effects of Mexican cultural values: The couple and parenting relationship. The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 142(2), 169-192.
Modry-Mandell, K. L., Gamble, W. C., & Taylor, A. R. (2007). Family emotional climate and
sibling relationship quality: Influences on behavioral problems and adaptation in preschool-aged children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 16, 71-73.
Machida, S., Taylor, A. R., & Kim, J. (2002). The role of maternal beliefs in predicting home
learning activities of Head Start families. Family Relations, 51, 176-183.
Taylor, A. R., & Machida, S. (2000). Changes in parent involvement and student-teacher relationship
quality following the transition from Head Start to kindergarten. Proceedings of Head Start’s Fifth National Research Conference. Washington, D.C.: Administration for Children, Youth, and Families.
Taylor, A. R., Machida, S., & Sewell, M. (1998). The influence of parent/family characteristics and
perceived teacher support on maternal involvement in Head Start. Proceedings of Head Start’s Fourth National Research Conference. Washington, D.C.: Administration for Children, Youth, and Families.
For the last 15 years, I've focused my work in three general areas. First, I've joined with colleague Lisa Crockett, psychology professor at University of Nebraska-Lincoln, to study cultural differences in parent-adolescent relationships and the implications for adolescent adjustment. Most of our attention has focused on subgroup differences among Latinos and Asian Americans. For example, we've documented cultural distinctions in parent-adolescent relationships between Puerto Rican, Mexican-American and Cuban-American adolescents. Most recently, we've completed a book that examines parent-adolescent relationships in Asian American families with a focus on Chinese- and Filipino-American adolescents. Read the press release or the Research Link that explains the major findings.
My second area of research focuses on family economic stress and how it shapes parent-child relationships in the transition from adolescence to young adulthood - including the implications for risk behaviors such as substance use and abuse. A new study in collaboration with Katherine Conger at University of California, Davis, and Joyce Serido here at UA, explores these questions.
Finally, the bulk of my research has focused on sexual minority youth — youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT). Nearly 10 years ago, I published some of the first large-scale studies that documented health risks for sexual minority adolescents. Since then, I've been interested in looking more closely at factors affecting that risk: What is it about the daily life of LGBT youth — whether at home, at school or in faith communities — that leads to risk or protects against it? Current relevant studies include:
Please see my curriculum vitae for academic publications, and contact me if you are unable to locate any of them. Recent commentaries and editorials are listed below:
Russell, S. T. (2009). Making schools safe for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students. Classroom Diversity & Academic Success: Education.com. Date Published: May 15, 2009.
Toomey, R., & Russell, S. T. (2009). Gay-Straight Alliances. Classroom Diversity & Academic Success: Education.com. Date Published: May 15, 2009.
Russell, S. T. (March 30, 2011). Changing Policy to End Anti-Gay Bullying. Education Week.
Russell, S. T., Kosciw, J., Horn, S., & Saewyc, E. (2010). Safe Schools Policy for LGBTQ Students. Society for Research in Child Development Social Policy Report, 24 (4).
A series of 13 research briefs for the California Safe Schools Coalition. Topics include:
Safe Schools Research Brief 13: Understanding School Safety for Transgender Students
Safe Schools Research Brief 12: Gender Non-conformity and School Safety: Documenting the problem and steps schools can take
Safe Schools Research Brief 11: School Safety for Middle School Students
Safe Schools Research Brief 10: Understanding School Safety and the Intersection of Race, Ethnicity and Sexual Orientation
Safe Schools Research Brief 9: Understanding Differences Between Schools in Overall LGBT School Safety
Safe Schools Research Brief 8: Multiple Forms of Bias-Related Harassment at School
Safe Schools Research Brief 7: School Safety and Academic Achievement
Safe Schools Research Brief 6: School Safety for Students with LGBT Parents
Safe Schools Research Brief 5: The Economic Cost of Bullying at school
Safe Schools Research Brief 4: LGBT Issues in the Curriculum Promotes School Safety
Safe Schools Research Brief 3: LGBT Student Safety: Steps Schools Can Take
Safe Schools Research Brief 2: Harassment Based on Sexual Orientation and its Consequences
Safe Schools Research Brief 1: District Policies and Trainings
I love working with college students. Read more »
My research primarily focuses on children’s adjustment in elementary school and the social, contextual and personal factors that can influence their adjustment. Specifically, I study how the teacher-child relationship, child gender, ethnicity, and cultural values influence children’s school adjustment.
Please contact Dr. Allison Ewing if you are unable to locate one of the publications listed below.
Ewing, A.R., & Taylor, A.R. (2009). The role of child gender and child ethnicity in
teacher-child relationship quality and children’s behavioral adjustment in preschool.
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 24, 92-105.
Gamble, W.C., Ewing, A.R., & Wilhelm, M. (2009). Parent’s views of characteristics
of out of home child care: Their role in selection, satisfaction, and confidence in
Promoting a child’s preparedness for school. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 18, 70-82.
My research is motivated by my experiences as an elementary school teacher in an economically disadvantaged community in New Orleans. Read more »
Broadly, my research program considers how family relationships are shaped by individual characteristics and larger cultural and socioeconomic contexts to influence parental well-being, parenting and coparenting behaviors, and early childhood social and emotional development. My focus is on identification of family strengths among disadvantaged families.
Specifically, my research focuses on understanding how adults, including parents, support network members and grandmothers, influence young children directly through interactions with children, and indirectly through relationships with each other. Considering other family members or adults who play significant support and caregiving roles is especially relevant to child development in disadvantaged and ethnic minority communities.
Please contact Dr. Melissa Barnett if you are unable to locate one of the publications listed below.
Barnett, M.A., Cabeza de Baca, T., Jordan, A., Tilley, E. & Ellis, B.J. (in press). Associations among parenting support, maternal parenting efficacy, and maternal depressive symptoms. Child & Youth Care Forum.
Barnett, M.A., Mortensen, J. & Gonzalez, H. (in press). Grandmother involvement and maternal psychological distress among Mexican origin families with young children. Journal of Family Issues.
Gonzalez, H. & Barnett, M.A. (2014). Romantic partner and biological father support: Associations with maternal distress in low-income Mexican-American families. Family Relations, 63, 371-383.
Barnett, M.A., Mortensen, J., Tilley, E. & Gonzalez, H. (2013). Global and parenting specific social support as protective factors for the wellbeing of Mexican American mothers of toddlers. Family Science, 4, 89-109.
Barnett, M.A. & Scaramella, L.V. (2013). Parenting and child sex differences in behavior problems among African American preschoolers: A within-family sibling design. Journal of Family Psychology, 27, 773-783.
Barnett, M.A., Gustafsson, H.C., Deng, M., Mills-Koonce, W.R., & Cox, M. (2012). Bidirectional associations among language development, social competence and parenting. Infant & Child Development, 21, 374-393.
Barnett, M.A., Mills-Koonce, W.R., Gustaffson, H.C., Cox, M. & Family Life Project Key Investigators (2012). Mother-grandmother conflict, negative parenting, and young children’s social development in multigenerational families. Family Relations, 61, 864-877.
Barnett, M.A., Scaramella, L.V., McGoron, L. & Callahan, K.C. (2012). Coparenting cooperation and child adjustment in low-income mother-grandmother and mother-father families. Family Science, 2, 159-170.
Barnett, M.A., Scaramella, L.V., Neppl, T.K., Ontai, L. & Conger, R.D. (2010). Grandmother involvement as a protective factor for early childhood social adjustment. Journal of Family Psychology,24, 635-645.
Barnett, M.A., Scaramella, L.V., Neppl, T.K., Ontai, L. & Conger, R. (2010). Intergenerational relationships, gender, and grandparent involvement. Family Relations, 59, 28-44.
Barnett, M.A. (2008). Economic disadvantage in complex family systems: Expansion of family stress models. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 11, 145-161.