Entrepreneurs John Jackson (left) and Ricardo Hernandez of Grafted Growers (Photo courtesy: Tech Parks Arizona)

University of Arizona alumni entrepreneurs Ricardo Hernandez and John Jackson of Grafted Growers, LLC have been awarded a $100,000 Phase I USDA-SBIR grant. Small Business Innovation Research grants support technology innovation by providing federal research funds to help grow small, technology-based businesses.

With the award, the two are working in collaboration with Chieri Kubota from the School of Plant Sciences and Murat Kacira from the Department of Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering at the UA, as well as with team members from the Arizona Center for Innovation and Tech Launch Arizona. The multidisciplinary team will commercialize novel crop-production strategies that got their start — and are continuing to develop — through UA research.

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To the Earth, it was just a shudder. The sudden thrust that caused the tragedy of the Nepal earthquake on April 25 occurred about nine miles underground beneath the Himalayas, releasing built-up stress of unimaginable force along the major fault line where the Indian Plate, carrying India, is slowly diving underneath the Eurasian Plate, carrying much of Europe and Asia.

The shudder raced around the planet, grazing the boundary where the Earth's molten core meets the so-called mantle of partially molten rock, at a depth of about 1,800 miles. Fifteen minutes later, the temblor reached Tucson, too weak to be felt by anyone but with enough force to send a stir through a highly sensitive instrument locked in a vault deep in the granite of the Santa Catalina Mountains just north of the city.

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A large majority of Arizona residents believes the world’s temperature has been rising and that global warming will be a serious problem for the nation if nothing is done to curb it, according to a survey conducted by the University of Arizona’s Institute of the Environment and Stanford University.

The survey also found that more than 70 percent of Arizonans support government action to reduce global warming, and a majority of state residents believes people are at least partly to blame for the planet’s warmer temperatures.

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Eliot Herman of the UA School of Plant Sciences and his collaborators have produced a soybean plant low in allergen and anti-nutritional proteins (Photo: Monica Schmidt)

In the United States, nearly 15 million people and 1 in 13 children suffer from food allergy. In Arizona alone, every classroom contains at least two children with a food allergy.

Soybeans are one of the eight foods regulated by the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act, or FALPA. Soybean is a major ingredient in many infant formulas, processed foods and livestock feed used for agriculture. Soybeans contain several allergenic and anti-nutritional proteins that affect soybean use as food and animal feed.

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(Charles Hedgcock/University of Arizona/charleshedgcock.photoshelter.com)

If you thought that a beetle with a machine gun built into its rear end was something that only exists in sci-fi movies, you should talk to Wendy Moore at the University of Arizona.

Many beetles secrete foul-smelling or bad-tasting chemicals from their abdomens to ward off predators, but bombardier beetles take it a step further. When threatened, they combine chemicals in an explosive chemical reaction chamber in their abdomen to simultaneously synthesize, heat and propel their defensive load as a boiling hot spray, complete with "gun smoke." They can even precisely aim the nozzle at the attacker.

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Campylobacter jejuni, one of the most commonly identified bacterial causes of acute gastroenteritis worldwide

Anivax and the University of Arizona have announced an agreement to license several technologies developed in a broad-based collaborative effort between the UA and Arizona State University. The license is for a revolutionary Campylobacter food safety vaccine designed to be administered to poultry to reduce colonization by the bacteria and ultimately lower the incidence of human disease and associated conditions.

The team of inventors includes individuals from both institutions, including: Bibiana Law, associate research professor in the UA School of Animal and Comparative Biomedical Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and Anivax’s chief science officer; Alexandra Armstrong, assistant research scientist in the UA School of Animal and Comparative Biomedical Sciences, Food Safety Consortium chair and Anivax’s VP of research; Michael Anderson, Anivax’s VP of products with 25 years of vaccine commercialization experience; and Roy Curtiss III, of the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University.

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UA students modeled clothing by entertainer Thalia Sodi (third from right) in a fashion show during the Global Retailing Conference(Photo: Kris Hanning/AHSC BioCommunications)

Advances in technology have had a major impact on the way consumers shop. But even with all the retail websites and apps at shoppers' fingertips today, physical stores remain at the center of the retail experience.

That was one of the major take-home messages from last week's Global Retailing Conference, which focused on the theme of retail being "everywhere at once."

The two-day conference, hosted by the University of Arizona's Terry J. Lundgren Center for Retailing, drew more than 100 UA students and about 300 industry professionals to the Westin La Paloma Resort and Spa to discuss where the retail industry is headed.

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(Photo by Briana Sanchez/ Arizona Sonora News Service)

Mosquitoes could carry new troubles to Arizona.

Dengue Fever and a second disease, Chikungunya, have started to crop up in areas surrounding Arizona, putting researchers on high alert about the looming threat the diseases could pose to the state.

Both of these viruses are known as vector-borne diseases, carried and passed by mosquitoes. One particular type of mosquito, known as the Aedes Aegypti is a known carrier for both Dengue Fever and Chikungunya, and southern Arizona happens to be within this insect’s habitat.

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Bruce Tabashnik is head of the UA's Department of Entomology and one of the world's leading experts on how pests are able to develop a resistance to genetically engineered crops. (Photo: Beatriz Verdugo/UANews)

Bruce Tabashnik, professor and head of entomology in the University of Arizona College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, has been awarded the Henry and Phyllis Koffler Prize for Research/Scholarship/Creative Activity.

The award was presented at the annual Awards of Distinction Ceremony luncheon recently at the Student Union Memorial Center on campus.

Sponsored by the UA provost, the prize was established through the generosity of Henry and Phyllis Koffler in 2000 and consists of a one-time award of $10,000, a medallion and a certificate.

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(Photo credit: Denise Pharris)

Patrons at Rillito Park Race Track in northwest Tucson may have noticed a new presence during the recently completed spring race meet: young adults, dressed in navy shirts, on the TV screens, in the admissions booths and in the racing office. 

Students from the University of Arizona’s Race Track Industry Program in the School of Animal and Comparative Biomedical Sciences, part of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, had the opportunity to learn about the industry firsthand through a collaboration with the local track. They worked in different capacities at the track and in the classroom on projects related to the track’s operations.

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Daniel Vezie, Integrated Pest Management coordinator at Maricopa Unified School District, looks at bug traps at Maricopa Wells Middle School(Photo by Rebecca Marie Sasnett /Arizona Sonora News Service)

Some are vacuumed. Some are swept. Others are crushed, baited or trapped. The rest are kept out with caulk, window screens, door sweeps or, as a last resort, sprayed with chemicals.

In some schools, the spray comes first.

“We have a season that never stops,” said University of Arizona entomologist Dawn Gouge, about school pests in the state. “We have pest issues all year round.”

Many school districts have their schools sprayed with pesticides at least once a month to prevent or kill pests such as cockroaches and ants, Gouge said.

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UA Master of Fine Art student Kejun Li relied on Chinese brush painting methods to produce his works for "Marking Time to a Changing Climate," a new collaborative exhibition on display at the UA's Bryant Bannister Tree-Ring Building. (Photo courtesy of Ellen McMahon)

Kejun Li asks a question: What does a credit card have in common with tree rings?

The answer is in Li's art — spiraling, archival digital-art prints he created by smearing an expired credit card in the style of Chinese brush paintings. The prints directly mimic the cross section of a tree and its rings in a way that is so striking and precise that people have asked Li, a graduating University of Arizona Master of Fine Art student, whether his works are actually X-rays.

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Joan Sweeney (Photo by Beatriz Verdugo)

When people hear the word "retail," they might automatically think of a brick-and-mortar store with a clerk behind the counter. But retail today is more than that – much more – says Joan Sweeney, interim director of the UA's Terry J. Lundgren Center for Retailing.

"Retail is everywhere," Sweeney says. "Retail is the engine of American business. We're a consumer society, and two-thirds of the U.S. GDP flows through retail.

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The rocky intertidal, shown here, is one of the ecosystems that ecologists have been studying for decades to learn about how different species interact. (Photo: Judith Bronstein)

The world today is more intimate and tightly wound together than ever before. Organizations are linked together in a variety of ways, allowing relationships to form and resources to be exchanged.

Matt Mars of the University of Arizona College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and Judith Bronstein from the UA College of Science have teamed up to better understand the natural properties of the networks that tie together human actors and organizations. The U.S. Department of Defense is interested in their research as a way to analyze terrorist networks.

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Peder Cuneo, a UA Cooperative Extension veterinarian, teaches a small class of veterinary science majors about calving management. (Photo: Lynn Ketchum)

A veterinary medical education program unlike any other in North America is being created at the University of Arizona College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, with an innovative curriculum that will create jobs, student opportunity and build the state’s economic prosperity.

"We’re going to break the mold and create the first of a (new) generation of veterinary education programs designed for the 21st century," said Dr. Bonnie Buntain, the new coordinator of the UA’s Veterinary Medical and Surgical Program.

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See Me Smoke-Free, the first multibehavioral mobile health (mHealth) app designed to help women quit smoking, eat well and get moving, is now available for free at the Google Play Store.

The Android phone app, officially released March 30, uses guided imagery to help women resist the urge to smoke, while encouraging them to make healthful food choices and increase their physical activity. The app can be downloaded at https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=edu.arizona.guidedimagery.

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The "Beyond the Mirage" team included (from left): J.D. Gibbs, Kerry Schwartz, John Booth, Susanna Eden, Cody Sheehy, Jatta Sheehy, Brittany Xiu, Dave Bogner, Sharon Megdal and Meg Hagyard. (Photo: Arizona Community Foundation)

"Beyond the Mirage," an entry from the University of Arizona, was selected Wednesday as the winner of the New Arizona Prize: Water Consciousness Challenge, receiving the competition’s $100,000 grand prize.

"Beyond the Mirage" aims to raise awareness and understanding about Arizona's water supplies, demands and challenges. It was developed collaboratively by a creative team from the UA College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, which includes the Communications and Cyber Technologies Unit and Water Resources Research Center, along with Arizona Public Media and marketing professionals.

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