Form: medium to large rounded tree
Size: 30-50ft with spread usually 2/3 height; fast growth rate
Leaves: pinnately compound , usually 3-5 leaflets per leaf, leaflets 3/4 to 2.5in long; upper surface glossy green, lower soft and velvety; fall color yellow or attractive gold
Flowers: dioecious, not ornamental
Fruit: clusters of winged seed on female plants, similar to single maple seeds; 1-1.25in long, 1/4in wide
Stems/Trunks: new growth (twigs) are velvety; attractive medium gray trunk, bark fissured throughout
Range/Origin: large range, Texas, southern New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, Mexico; elevations of 2000-6000ft; found in canyons with perennial source of water
Hardiness: to 0°F
mature specimen of Fraxinus velutina
- large tree, out of scale for most residences
- park tree
- good for deciduous use (shade in summer, light in winter)
- Exposure: best in full sun
- Water: moderate water user; supplement with 2-3 irrigations per month in hot part of year
- Soil: uniform, prepared (amended), good drainage
- Propagation: seed, requires stratification and cold treatment (30-40 days at 40°F)
- Maintenance: low; prune to develop shape
young specimen of Fraxinus velutina (left) and leaf form (right)
note more upright form verses cultivar 'Fan-tex'
moderately susceptible to Texas Root Rot, also prone to nematodes, chlorosis
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© 2001 - 2006 Arizona Board of Regents. All contents copyrighted. All rights reserved.