Justicia californica     
Acanthaceae Family     

Compiled by the Master Gardeners
of the University of Arizona Pima County Cooperative Extension.


Justicia californica in typical leafless form
Form: twiggy shrub, usually leafless
Seasonality: evergreen
Size: to 6ft, spread to 12ft
Leaves: often none; usually present only in warm season when actively growing; simple, round to ovate, 1/4in long
Flowers: on terminal portion of branches, long tubular red blooms from early May through fall
Fruit: not significant
Stems/Trunks: green stems, with thick succulent appearance, twiggy, arching form; low older stems may get woody
Range/Origin: Sonoran deserts; elevations to 2500ft
Hardiness: damaged in high 20s, freezes to ground in teens but will recover




found naturally in rocky areas or sandy washes
yellow flowering varieties also available

chuparosa Justicia californica in leaf
close-up of flower (left) flower on branch terminal
and leaf detail (right)
close-up of leaf

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This page was first created July 6, 2001 and last modified June 1, 2006.

Web page design and photographs by Toni Moore, Master Gardener
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