Phoenix dactylifera     
Date palm   
Palmae Family     

Compiled by the Master Gardeners
of the University of Arizona Pima County Cooperative Extension.

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Form: tall palm with feather fronds; fronds held upright in "feather duster"-like arrangement; usually single trunked
Seasonality: evergreen
Size: to 100ft, spread to 30ft; growth rate is slow, may take 15 years to attain 10ft
Leaves: pinnate, feather-like fronds, 15-20ft long, more silver-gray than other Phoenix palms, rough and sharp, toothed petioles, held more erect (not arching); life span of leaf is 3-7 years; frond bases usually persist on trunk if not removed
Flowers: diecious; off-white clusters, not ornamental
Fruit: edible dates on female plants (if pollinated); cylindrical 1-2in long yellow fruit held out amongst fronds in pendulous clusters
Stems/Trunks: slender trunk, 18in diameter, leaf base scars form interesting geometric pattern; may produce basal offsets
Range/Origin: Asia, in cultivation worldwide for millennia
Hardiness: damage seen in mid twenties

LANDSCAPE VALUE:
tall palm tree
Phoenix dactylifera

CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS:



NOTES:

P. dactylifera is more cold hardy than P. canariensis because of the slow growth rate, large plants are very expensive
male trees are less messy than female


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This page was first created July 20, 2001 and last modified March 26, 2005.



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