Form: multistemmed low-growing shrub, or single stem specimen tree; attractive dark green foliage
Seasonality: evergreen; partially deciduous in colder zones
Size: 15-30ft with equal spread; slow to moderate growth rate (slow when young, speeds up once established in ground)
Leaves: bipinnately compound, alternate, round leaflets
Flowers: small, creamy white to yellow puffball; fragrant; bloom in late spring
Fruit: dehiscent pod, dark brown, 3-6in long, 1-1.5in wide; pods persistent year round
Stems/Trunks: well-armed with many thorns; gray stems have distinctive zig-zag jointing
Range/Origin: southern Texas and adjacent Mexico
zig-zag twigs on Ebenopsis ebano
Hardiness: mid to low teens
- specimen tree
- impenetrable barrier plant
- privacy screen
- unruly when young, better shape with age
- Exposure: full sun, takes reflected head
- Water: drought tolerant; faster growth with irrigation, best with 1-2 deep irrigations per month
- Soil: tolerant
- Propagation: seed, very hard seed coat, difficult to break dormancy
- Maintenance: low; pod cleanup; training when young if tree form desired
Pithecellobium flexicaule is an old botanical name.
at the Sonoran Desert Museum
The more current classification is Ebenopsis ebano.
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