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Chapter 1:   MG Manual Reference
Ch. 1, pp. 1 - 44

Basic Botany, Physiology, and Environmental Effects on Plant Growth

In order to gain a working knowledge of horticulture, it is necessary to understand the structure and function of plants and the environmental factors that affect plant growth. In the greatly diversified kingdom of plants, all flowering plants have certain structures and functions in common. These similarities are the basis for this chapter. Higher flowering plants are divided into two groups, monocotyledons (monocots) and dicotyledons (dicots). Although monocots and dicots are similar in many ways, differences with respect to number of seed leaves, number of flower parts, leaf vein pattern, and root structure exist. In addition, physiological dissimilarities exist which result indifferent responses to herbicides.

Chapter 1 Index:

Botany: Plant Parts and Functions
[ Stems | Leaves | Buds | Roots | Flowers | Fruit | Seeds ]

Physiology: Plant Growth and Development
[ Photosynthesis | Respiration | Transpiration ]

Environmental Factors that Affect Plant Growth
[ Light | Temperature | Water (Humidity) | Nutrition; Macronutrient Outline; Micronutrient Outline ]

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