I currently work as the lab manager for Ann Mastergeorge's Early Developmental Studies lab, and as the research assistant with Drs. Melissa Barnett and Melissa Curran on a secondary analysis study of the Strengthening Families datasets entitled, "Different Forms of Family Instability: Key Mechanisms Linking Family Strengthening Interventions, Family Functioning and Child Wellbeing." I have previously worked as the project coordinator of the Strengthening Families program, a 14-week parenting intervention for parents with preschool-aged children, and the Partners in Parenting Education program, a 10-week parenting program for mothers of toddlers. Additionally, I collaborate with colleagues here at UA on secondary data analysis work with the Early Head Start Research & Evaluation Project (EHSREP), and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study - Birth cohort (ECLS-B)
My research focuses on two themes: developmental trajectories of parent-child relationships in the context of stress and poverty, and the promotion of supportive parenting behaviors and children’s socioemotional development through community-based prevention programs. I actively seek to extend her research into practice through program evaluations of prevention programs and professional development curricula, and as an active member of the First Focus on Kids coalition at The United Way of Tucson and Southern Arizona. Prior to pursuing a Ph.D., I worked as an Early Head Start assistant teacher in Chicago, IL.
My career goal is to work as a research scientist and evaluator; ultimately, I aspire to inform evidence-based practice and policies that impact the health, well-being and education of socioeconomically-disadvantaged families of young children both regionally and nationally.
Doris Duke Dissertation Fellowship for the Promotion of Child Well-Being:
Funding awarded from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago to support dissertation research for two years.
Academic Mentors: Dr. Ann Mastergeorge (Arizona/Texas Tech); Dr. Catherine Ayoub (Brazelton Touchpoints/Harvard)
Policy Mentor: Naomi Karp, Director of Early Childhood Professional Development, The United Way of Tucson and Southern Arizona
Dissertation title: Risk & Resilience in Low-Income Families: Linking Contextual Risks, Parenting Style, Child Emotion Regulation and Maltreatment.
The aim of my dissertation is to examine trajectories of parenting styles across early childhood among low-income families, and then evaluate mechanisms of risk (i.e., contextual risks, potential for child abuse) and resilience (i.e., Early Head Start enrollment) that interact with parenting to predict children's emotion regulation development. This dissertation research utilizes secondary data analyses of Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project (EHSREP), a longitudinal impact study of EHS-eligible and EHS-enrolled families.
Post Doctoral Training Program Fellow: Center for Family Resilience at Okalahoma State University
Post doctoral grant writing training for an NIH National Research Service Award (F32).
Mastergeorge, A.M., Paschall, K. W. Dixon, D., Martinez, C.L., Mills, A., Heffern, J. (In Press, October 2015). A first look at the Preschool Strengthening Families Program in Arizona. Journal of Human Sciences and Extension.
Kurth, J. A., Mastergeorge, A. M., & Paschall, K. W. (In press). Economic and demographic factors impacting placement of students with autism. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities.
Paschall, K. W., Mortensen, J., Gonzalez, H., Barnett, M. A., & Mastergeorge, A. M. (2015). Children’s negative emotionality as a moderator of parenting styles on classroom adjustment in a low-income sample. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 39, 1-13.
Mastergeorge, A. M., Paschall, K. W., Loeb, S.R., Dixon, A. (2014). The Still-Face Paradigm and bidirectionality: Associations with maternal sensitivity, self-esteem and infant emotional reactivity. Infant Behavior and Development, 37(3), 387-397.
Paschall, K. W., Mastergeorge, A. M., Dixon, D., & Merk, P. (Revised and resubmitted). Trajectories of Maternal Sensitivity and Child Involvement: Evidence from a Parent-Mediated Prevention Program.
Paschall, K. W. & Mastergeorge, A. M. (Revised and Resubmitted). A review of bidirectionality in early parent-child relationships: Understanding mechanisms of influence.
Paschall, K. W., Barnett, M. A., Mortensen, J. A., & Mastergeorge, A. M. (Revised and Resubmitted). Family conflict moderates early parent-child behavioral transactions.
Paschall, K. & Mortensen, J. (2014). Effortful control: Implications for children’s development. Frances McClelland Institute for Children, Youth, and Families Research Link, 6(2). Tucson, AZ: The University of Arizona. Available at: https://mcclellandinstitute.arizona.edu/sites/mcclellandinstitute.arizona. edu/files/ResearchLink%206.2.pdf
Mastergeorge, A.M., Paschall, K. W., Hornstein, J., Ayoub, C., Swartz, M., & Singer, J. (2013). Positive parent-child relationships. The Office of Head Start National Center on Parent, Family and Community Engagement. Available at: http:// eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/hslc/tta-system/family/docs/parent-child relationships.pdf
Mastergeorge, A.M., Paschall, K. & Sparrow, J. (2013). Families as lifelong educators. The Office of Head Start National Center on Parent, Family and Community Engagement. Available at: http://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/hslc/tta-system/family/docs/rtp-series- families-as-lifelong-educators.pdf
Select Conference Presentations
Paschall, K. W. & Mortensen, J. A., Barnett, M.A. & Mastergeorge, A. M. (2015, November). The effect of cumulative enrollment in Early Head Start on parenting. Poster presented at the National Council on Family Relations Annual Conference, Vancouver, B.C., Canada.
Paschall, K. W. & Mastergeorge, A. M. (2015, November). Using Early Head Start Research to Inform the Family Stress Model. Paper presented at the Theory Construction and Research Methodology Workshop Pre-Conference at the National Council on Family Relations Annual Conference, Vancouver, B.C., Canada.
Paschall, K. W. & Mastergeorge, A. M. (2015, May). Expanding early childhood mental health services: An example in California. In K. W. Paschall (Chair), Promoting Child Well-Being By Supporting Families and the Early Childhood Workforce. Poster symposium conducted at the Society for Prevention Research Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C.
Paschall, K. W., Mortensen, J., Gonzalez, H., & Mastergeorge, A. (2015, March). Family Conflict Moderates Early Parent-Child Behavioral Transactions. In M.A. Barnett (Chair), Longitudinal Parent-Child Behavioral Transactions: Moderation by Family, Mother and Child Characteristics. Symposium conducted at the Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
Paschall, K. W., (2015, March). A Meta-Analysis of the Influence of Global Parenting Styles on Early Childhood Self-Regulation. Poster presented at the Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
Paschall, K. W., Mastergeorge, A.M. (2014, July). Bidirectionality in Early Relationships: The Influence of Supportive and Negative Parenting in Parent-Child Interactions. Poster presented at the Head Start Research Conference, Washington, D.C.
Paschall, K. W., Mastergeorge, A.M., Dixon, A., Dixon, D., & Curley, D. (2014, June). Maternal Sensitivity and Toddler Engagement in a Parent-Mediated Intervention in High Risk Families. Poster presented at the World Association on Infant Mental Health World Congress, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.
Paschall, K. W., Mortensen, J., Gonzalez, H., Barnett, M. A., & Mastergeorge, A. M. (2013, July). Parenting Style, Gender and Teacher-Child Relationships: A Cluster Analysis Approach. Poster presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Convention, Honolulu, HI.
Paschall, K. W., Gonzalez, H., Mortensen, J., Barnett, M.A., & Mastergeorge, A. M. (2013, April). Predicting Pre-Kindergarten Social Competence and Emotion Regulation from Maternal Interaction Styles at 36 Months. Poster presented at the Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Seattle, WA.
Paschall, K. W., & Mastergeorge, A. M. (October, 2012). An Analysis of Parenting Stress and Positive Parenting Behaviors in At-Risk Mothers: A Parent-Mediated Intervention. In M.A. Barnett & A. M. Mastergeorge (Chairs), Parenting Stress Predictors and Implications in Mexican American Families. Symposium conducted at the National Council on Family Relations Conference, Phoenix, AZ.