About the Journal
From Me to You
Calendar of Events
Things to Expect & Do
Children Know Once
A New Way of
Of Blue Skies and
Grilled Corn in
Going to Bat for Bats
The Prickly Pear:
Handle with Care!
Birds in the Garden
Watering & Plant Care
Tips for Summer
Summers Past Farms
Hot Off The Press
W O R D W I S E
Definitions for terms used in this issue...
1-2-3 Rule (Things to Expect) - a useful rule of thumb for watering plants:
water small plants such as groundcovers and annuals to a depth of 1 foot; shrubs
to a depth of 2 feet, and trees to a depth of 3 feet.
amaranth (Summer Corn) - various annuals of the genus Amaranthus, having
clusters of tiny green or red flowers. Includes weeds, ornamentals, and food
plants. Also called pigweed.
carnivore (Going to Bat) - a flesh-eating animal or plant.
deciduous (Underappreciated Trees) - falling off, as leaves from a tree;
not evergreen; not persistent.
evergreen (Underappreciated Trees) - having green leaves through the
winter; not deciduous.
guano (Going to Bat) - dung used as fertilizer
herbaceous (Prickly Pear) - having the characteristics of an herb (no
above-ground woody stems); not woody
indigenous (Summer Corn) - having originated in and being produced,
growing, living, or occurring naturally in a particular region or environment.
leaf axil (Summer Corn) - the angle formed between the axis of a stem and
the leaf projecting from it.
mammals (Going to Bat) - warm-blooded higher vertebrates that nourish their
young with milk secreted by mammary glands, and usually have skin covered at
least partially with hair.
monocot (Summer Corn) - a plant with a single seed leaf or cotyledon (the
primary or first growth that emerges from a seed); as opposed to a dicot, which
has 2 seed leaves.
mucilage (Prickly Pear) - a gelatinous plant substance similar to plant
gums; often used as an adhesive.
naturalized (Prickly Pear) - introduced from elsewhere, but becoming
established in a particular geographical area.
parallel venation (Summer Corn) - with primary veins running parallel to
the leaf axis or to each other; as opposed to netted venation where veins run in
different directions and resemble netting.
pericarp (Summer Corn) - the wall or outer layer of the fruit; the ripened
wall of a plant ovary.
resin (Underappreciated Trees) - a sticky organic substance (usually
transparent or translucent and flammable) formed in plant secretions and
insoluble in water.
scale (Prickly Pear) - an infestation by a prolific group of homopterous
insects with winged males and wingless, scale-covered females that attach
themselves to a host plant. The young suck the juices out of the plant.
side dressing (Summer Corn) - to place nutrients on or in the soil near the
roots of a crop, not directly on it.
specimen plant (Prickly Pear) - a term used in nursery industry to mean a
tree or shrub large enough to significantly impact a landscape; a large,
tannin (Underappreciated Trees) - Any of various soluble, astringent
plant substances used in tanning, dyeing, inks, and medicines.
vertebrates (Going to Bat) - organisms having a spinal column.
Maricopa County Master Gardener Volunteer Information
Last Updated May 28, 2003
Author: Lucy K. Bradley, Extension Agent Urban Horticulture, University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, Maricopa County
© 1997 The University of Arizona, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cooperative Extension in Maricopa County
Comments to Maricopafirstname.lastname@example.org 4341 E. Broadway Road, Phoenix, AZ 85040,
Voice: (602) 470-8086 ext. 301, Fax (602) 470-8092