Convolvulaceae (morning glories) of Sonora, Mexico

Convolvulaceae of Sonora, Mexico, I. Convolvulus, Cressa, Dichondra, Evolvulus, Ipomoea, Jacquemontia, Merremia, and Operculina

Convolvulaceae of Sonora, Mexico. II. Cuscuta

Mihai Costea, Daniel F. Austin, Richard S. Felger, Thomas R. Van Devender, Jesús Sánchez-Escalante

The Convolvulaceae, with an estimated 84 species, is the seventh largest family in the state of Sonora, Mexico (Austin et al., in preparation). When we were getting the study ready for the publisher, the length of the article made us realize that inclusion of illustrations would of necessity be limited. Therefore, we decided to create a companion illustrated catalog of the species in Sonora. To help people recognize these diverse plants, ranging from trees to diminutive annual vines, multiple illustrations are presented on this site. While we and our colleagues have taken many of these photographs within Sonora, we include others taken elsewhere to illustrate the species.

It is not possible to know when this project began because we each started studying plants in Sonora at different times. We have, however, been collaborating on this family for perhaps 25 years. Most of Dan’s studies of the family were confined to southern Mexico and farther south into northern South America until about 1989 when he was on sabbatical at ASU working on the Convolvulaceae for the revised flora of Arizona. At that time he began working with Richard and Tom. Subsequently, Tom began sending even more of his Convolvulaceae collections to him for identification. Sometime after that, we discussed and decided that we should do a treatment of the family for Sonora. More recently, in 2006 Mihai began studying Cuscuta from the region. The result of this study is one the most detailed and complete investigation of the family in any of the northern states of Mexico. Moreover, the results surprised even us by including almost as many species as known from Veracruz and states to the south in Mexico.


 Convolvulus  Cressa Cuscuta Dichondra Evolvulus

Ipomoea Jacquemontia Merremia Operculina

 

Abbreviations for vegetation types and growth forms: AGF = agricultural fields, CHD = Chihuahuan Desertscrub, CTH = coastal thornscrub, CUL = cultivated, DGR = desert grassland, GRS = grassland, FTH = foothills thornscrub, MGR = mesquite grasslands, MXC = mixed conifer forest, OAG = Oak-grassland, OAW = oak woodland, OMS = oak-mesquite scrub, SND = Sonoran desertscrub, POF = pine oak forest, ann = annual, per = herbaceous perennial, f per = facultative perennial, lian = liana, v = vine.  

Convolvulus

* Convolvulus arvensis; additional photos: New Mexico's Flora of Patrick Alexander; Phytoimages; SND, CHD, OAW, POF; per, v
Convolvulus equitans; additional photos: New Mexico's Flora of Patrick Alexander;CHD, GRS, OMS; per

Cressa

Cressa truxillensis; additional photos: New Mexico's Flora of Patrick Alexander; SND, CTH; per


Cuscuta

Cuscuta americana: non-type, specimen (dissected); living plants; more living plants CTH, FTH, OAW, SND, TDF; ann,  f per
Cuscuta azteca: type specimen (dissected); POF, TDF; ann
Cuscuta boldinghii: type (dissected); non-type specimen (dissected); living plants; CTH, TDF; ann
Cuscuta campestris: type(dissected); non-type specimen (dissected); living plants; AGF, OAG; ann
Cuscuta chinensis var. applanata: type (dissected); ; DGR, SND, TDF; ann
Cuscuta corymbosa var. grandiflora: non-type specimen (dissected); living plants; FTH, SND; ann, f per
Cuscuta costaricensis: type(dissected); non-type specimen (dissected); living plants; OAW, POF; ann
Cuscuta dentatasquamata: type specimen (dissected); POF; ann
Cuscuta desmouliniana: type(dissected); non-type specimen (dissected); living plants; CTH, FTH, SND; ann
Cuscuta erosa: non-type specimen dissected; CHD, FTH, TDF; ann
Cuscuta indecora var. indecora: type specimen, dissected; living plants; AGF, CTH, SND; ann
Cuscuta legitima: type specimen (dissected); additional specimens dissected: gallery 1; gallery 2; living plants; CHD, CTH, FTH, SND, TDF; ann
Cuscuta leptantha: type specimen (dissected); additional specimen gallery; living plants; SND; ann
Cuscuta macrocephala: type specimen dissected; non-type specimen; FTH, GRS, OAW, TDF; ann
Cuscuta odontolepis: type specimen, dissected; additional specimen; DGR, FTH; ann
Cuscuta polyanthemos: type specimen, dissected; additional specimen; FTH; ann
Cuscuta salina: type specimen, dissected; living plants; SND; ann
Cuscuta tinctoria: non-type specimen, dissected; living plants; SND; ann
Cuscuta tuberculata: non-type specimen dissected; additional specimen; FTH, SND; ann
Cuscuta umbellata var. umbellata: type specimen, dissected; additional specimen; SND; ann
Cuscuta vandevenderi: type specimen, dissected; OAW, POF, TDF; ann

Dichondra

Dichondra argentea: images from Patrick Alexander's Flora of New Mexico; per
Dichondra brachypoda; additional photos: New Mexico's Flora of Patrick Alexander; OAW, POF; per
Dichondra sericea
; additional photos: New Mexico's Flora of Patrick Alexander;OAW, POF; per

Evolvulus

Evolvulus alsinoides; Tropicos images; CTH, FTH, DGR, OAW, POF, SND, TDF; per
Evolvulus arizonicus; additional photos: New Mexico's Flora of Patrick Alexander; FTH, GRS, MGR, OAW, POF,  SND, TDF per
Evolvulus filipes; Tropicos; OAW, TDF; ann
Evolvulus nuttallianus; more photos from Madrean Flora; Phytoimages; (probably) POF, OAW; per
Evolvulus prostratus; herbarium specimen from ARIZ; POF; per
Evolvulus rotundifolius; herbarium specimen from ARIZ; POF, MXC, OAW; per
Evolvulus sericeus;additional photos: New Mexico's Flora of Patrick Alexander; DGR, GRS; per

Ipomoea

Ipomoea alba; More photos from: Phytoimages; OAW, TDF; per, v
Ipomoea ampullacea; POF; per, v
Ipomoea ancisa; more photos from: SEINET; OAW, POF; per, v or subshrub
Ipomoea arborescens var. arborescens;additional photos from: SEINET; CTH, FTH, SND, TDF; tree
Ipomoea arborescens var. pachylutea; OAW, TDF; tree
Ipomoea aristolochiifolia; CHD, OAW, TDF; ann, v
Ipomoea barbatisepala;Additional photos from: SEINET; DGR, ?CTH,? FTH, OAW, TDF; ann, v
Ipomoea batatas; more photos from SEINET; Phytoimages; CUL, CTH, FTH, SND, TDF; per, v
Ipomoea bracteata; additional photos from: SEINET; CTH, FTH, OAW, TDF; lian, per, v
Ipomoea capillacea; more photos from SEINET; POF, OAW; per, v
Ipomoea cairica; additional photos from SEINET; per. v
*Ipomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa; CTH, CUL; shrub (lian elsewhere)
Ipomoea chilopsidis; OAW; small tree
Ipomoea costellata; additional photos from: SEINET; CHD, CTH, FTH, GRS, OAW, POF, SND, TDF; ann  v
Ipomoea cristulata; more photos from SEINET; Phytoimages; CHD, CTH, FTH, GRS, OAW, POF, SND; ann  v
Ipomoea decasperma; POF; per, v
Ipomoea hederacea; additional photos from: SEINET; Phytoimages; GRS, SND, TDF; ann, v
Ipomoea hederifolia; Phytoimages; CTH, FTH, OAW, POF, SND, TDF; ann, v
Ipomoea imperati; more photos from SEINET; Phytoimages; CTH; per, v
Ipomoea laeta; POF (Chihuahua); per, v
Ipomoea heptaphylla; Roxburgh's Flora Indica (lectotype); Plants Database; FTH; ann, v
Ipomoea x leucantha CTH, FTH, TDF; ann, v
Ipomoea longifolia; FTH, GRS, OAW, TDF; per, v
Ipomoea madrensis; OAW, POF; per, v
Ipomoea meyeri; TDF; ann, v
Ipomoea minutiflora; FTH, OAW, POF, TDF; ann, v
Ipomoea muricata; TDF; ann, v
Ipomoea nil; CTH, FTH, SND, TDF; ann, v
Ipomoea parasitica; CHD, FTH, riparian in OAW, TDF; ann, v
Ipomoea pedicellaris; CTH, FTH, TDF; lian, v
Ipomoea pes-caprae subsp. brasiliensis; more photos from: Phytoimages; CTH; per, v
Ipomoea plummerae; POF; per, v
Ipomoea pubescens; more images from: SEINET; OAW, POF; per, v
Ipomoea purpurea; more photos from SEINET; Phytoimages; SND, OAW, TDF; ann, v
Ipomoea quamoclit; more photos from Phytoimages; TDF; ann, v
Ipomoea scopulorum; FTH, SND, TDF; per, v
Ipomoea seaania; SND; shrub
Ipomoea tenuiloba; images from: SEINET; OAW, POF; per, v
Ipomoea ternifolia var. leptotoma; CHD, FTH, GRS, OAW, SND, TDF; ann, v
Ipomoea thurberi; GRS, OAW, POF; per, v
Ipomoea triloba; Phytoimages; CTH, TDF; ann, v

Jacquemontia

Jacquemontia abutiloides; some images available from: SEINET; SND; per, v
Jacquemontia agrestis; CTH, FTH, SND, TDF; ann, v or not
Jacquemontia pentanthos; more photos from: SEINET; CTH, OAW, TDF; per, v
Jacquemontia polyantha; CTH, SND, TDF; per, v
Jacquemontia pringlei; more photos from: SEINET; CHD, CTH, FTH, OAW, SND, TDF; per, v

Merremia

Merremia cissoides; Convolvulaceae Unlimited; TDF; ann, v
*Merremia dissecta; CUL, TDF; per, v
Merremia palmeri; one photo from Arizona Desert Museum; CTH, FTH, SND, TDF; per, v
Merremia quinquefolia; Calphotos; TDF; per, sometimes ann, v


Operculina

Operculina pinnatifida; Jim Conrad's Naturalist Newsletter; CTH, FTH; per, v
Operculina pteripes; FTH, OAW, TDF; per or lian, v